Not all done by children should be classified as child labour, argues the UN. This includes activities such as helping their parents around the home or earning pocket money.
The term “Child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity. Worst form of child labour involves Child labour being enslaved, separated from their families and exposed to serious hazards.
Child labour and education.
Education is a crucial component of any effective effort to eliminate child labour, respect for labour standard, universal education and social protection can reduce child labour. The response to the problem must be as versatile and adaptable as child labour itself.
IPEC’s has demonstrated leadership and experience in using education to combat child labour in both formal and non-formal setting. The Organization has been providing policy advice and technical assistance to governments.
Formal education and prevention of child labour.
There is a need to provide quality universal and free education to children of poor families to which the majority of child labourers belong child labour concerns should be explicitly addressed and integrated into such a policy.
Education must not stop at primary level if young people are to be adequately prepared for the labour markets. Social mechanisms are another strong factor that keep children out of school and push them into work.
IPEC’s is working in collaboration with the ILO’s IN DISCO programme ILO PRO 169 to understand better how these exclusion mechanisms effect the education of indigenous and tribal peoples.
This programme establish the close link between indigenous children, child labour and education. Further IPEC’s action against child labour through education training focuses on the following key areas.
- More schools need to be build, teachers need to be recruited and trained and educational material need to be made available.
- Alternative approaches need to be developed to provide for education of children when geographical conditions post obstacles or community’s lifestyle involve mobility.
- The formal and non-formal education systems need to be linked in a more systematic manners to allow for easier transitions from the non-formal to the formal sector, both systems need to be improved and upgraded in many countries.
- School admission and retention policies should facilitate the entry or re-entry of the children into schools by providing alternative placement option and independent learning approaches with adequate guidance and support for over-aged children or children who re-enter school.
IPEC’s aim is the progressive elimination of child labour worldwide. Its efforts have resulted in hundred of thousands of children being withdrawn from work.
Use the menu on the left to explore the many areas addressed by IPEC in fight against child labour.
Current child labour laws and Regulation.
Legislation and laws decide how old a teenager will work legally child labour laws limit how old children can work and what work they can do. This legislation is in place to ensure that children so not work that is dangerous or detrimental for their health and to ensure that children stay focused on education.